Beginner Keyboard/Piano Lessons Part 2
Noting the Symbols
Before we continue with the exercises, let's take a close look at all the symbols used in Part 1.
First, we see a treble clef sitting on the far left of the staff.
The treble clef is also called the G clef because the curl wraps around and stops at the G line on the staff. This clef tells you that the letter names of the lines and spaces on the staff are: E, F, G, A, B, C, D, E and F. Next, we see the first note D, which is a quarter note
and whose value is one quarter beat in the measure. As you can see, the quarter note is shaped like a filled-in circle with a stem attached to it. The following F, E and F are also quarter notes. So, we have four quarter notes (D, F, E, F) in the first measure.
Immediately following the fourth quarter note in the first measure is a bar line. The bar line separates the measures on the staff and keeps the four quarter notes together in one measure. The next measure (measure 2) is an exact repetition of measure 1: same notes, same keys, same fingering, and same number of beats in the measure. The same is true in measure 3 - a direct repetition of measures 1 and 2. Again, please notice the bar lines separating each measure.
In measure 4 we see only one quarter note followed by a quarter rest
(the curved zigzag line) and a half rest
(the small rectangular block that sits on the middle line of the staff). A quarter rest equals a quarter beat, and a half rest equals two beats. The combined value of one quarter note, one quarter rest, and one half rest gives us four beats in measure 4. The first beat has sound, which is the quarter note D. The second beat is silent, represented by the quarter rest. And the third and fourth beats are silent, represented by the half rest. The symbol we see at the very end of the staff is called a double bar line.
The double bar line means this is the end of the piece.