Keyboard and Piano Lessons Part 5
Adding the Fourth and Fifth Fingers
Now lets add fingers 4 and 5 to the exercises. Place your fifth finger above the G key , your fourth finger above the F key, your third finger above the E key and your second finger above the D key. Play example 9 starting with your 4th finger on the F key.
A new symbol has been added in example 9: the dynamic marking mp. This symbol means mezzo piano, which translated from Italian to English means 'medium soft'.
At this point, you might be wondering why musical terms and symbols are in Italian. It started with the Italian Operatic composers Puccini, Rossini and Verdi, who wrote dynamic and tempo markings in countries in Europe adopted the Italian symbols, which eventually became the universal standard.
Be sure to acknowledge the repeat sign in example 9, at the end of measure 8, go directly back to the beginning of the piece (measure1) and play the exercise again. Don't stop the even flow of beats when going from the end of measure 8 back to measure 1.
For the next exercise, place your fifth finger above the G key, your fourth finger above the F key, your third finger above the E key, your second finger above the D and your thumb above the C key (middle C). This exercise is designed to strengthen your fourth and fifth fingers, which are normally the weakest fingers in the right hand.
Play example 10 starting with your thumb on middle C.
Play example 10 frequently. In doing so, you will strengthen your fourth and fifth fingers.
The following are a few things to keep in mind when playing the examples on this page:
Start playing the exercises slowly. Once you have played the exercise correctly, then increase your tempo to moderato.
If you get confused with your fingering, refer to examples 1 and 2 in the keyboard lessons part 1.
Your hand and fingers should never be flat when playing the keyboard. Be sure to keep your right hand arched and your fingers curved when playing these exercises.
Play the quarter notes evenly, giving them the same equal value (one beat).
Be sure to give the quarter and half rests their full values.
Enjoy playing the exercises and feel good about learning how to play the piano.